If you have interest in mountain bikes and you are starting your research about it and to broaden your knowledge about it, learning about the basic full suspension should be one of your lists. For beginners, it is a ‘must-have’ to understand and to cope up with the fast-changing world of suspension design and to help you determine which type, what style you need. This is to give a name to what you’ve been looking for: s new full suspension bike or if you are thinking of changing from a hardtail to a full suspension bike.
1. Single Pivot
The simplest type of rear suspension. The advantages of this type are its simplicity and strength. While it is a disadvantage when talking about its brake jack or the use of brake which inhibits the movement of suspension and its pedal bob or the loss of acceleration because of the compression of suspension.
2. Split Pivot
Its design is a special case of the linkage-driven single pivot where one of the points coincides with the rear axle enabling the disc brake caliper to be ascended on the coupler instead of the swingarm. The design has its advantageous effect on suspension performance under braking which technically reduces brake jack.
3. Horst Link
It is a type of four-bar linkage suspension. Having connecting links pivot to the seat tube. Often, they rely on rear shocks capability of reducing pedal bob while climbing which is reduced more with this sophisticated design.
4. Short link four-bar
The design itself is a functional and just practical. The connecting links are so short that the floating link comes in fourth of a rigid rear triangle which is enormous enough to enclose the rear wheel and this enables the rear triangles to be firmly connected with each other as if one. With this, it accelerates the lateral and torsional firmness of the rear.
5. Virtual Pivot Point
Also abbreviated as VPP is the name given to a four-bar linkage suspension with comparatively short links that connect the rear triangle to the frame. More expensive designs will do more to reduce flex and promote long bearing life. Falling rate compression rates transpire more on bikes with this type of design although the placement of linkages will greatly amend the compression rate thus the difference is in the ride quality despite its likeness in physical and outer appearances.
It should be kept in mind that browsing the internet and researching about these different types and designs of suspension may do you a favor in learning more about it as a newbie in this world of mountain bikes. The fact is that it was just a guide for you to take on, and not a real thing for you to determine and to close your assessment on the suspension design factors you prefer. In the end, a bike purchase should be based on testing the bike and several more bikes before coming down with your final decision. Aside from the companies which manufacture this designs, the idea of a ‘perfect design’ is non-existent.